You may be interested in… Statement by the Chairman of the Caribbean Community… Jun 6, 2020 Jul 10, 2020 CARICOM Heads Meet Friday – Handover of Chairmanship to… Chairman of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), Dr the Honourable Timothy Harris, Prime Minister of St Kitts and Nevis, has hailed the election of St Vincent and the Grenadines to the United Nations Security Council as a victory for small states. CARICOM Chairman, Prime Minister Dr. Timothy Harris of St. Kitts and Nevis “The importance of multi-lateral fora being seen to cater for all nations is critical to their credibility”, the Chairman said. St Vincent and the Grenadines, CARICOM’s candidate, was elected to the non-permanent seat reserved for the Group of Latin American and Caribbean States for the two-year term 2020-2021 with 185 votes of the 193 available. In so doing, it became the smallest State ever to be elected to the Council. Jul 2, 2020 Jun 30, 2020 Tribute to Sir Everton Weekes: Climbing to the Top –… Statement by the Chair of the Caribbean Community The… Regional Transportation, CSME among matters for CARICOM Heads’ attentionEnhancing regional air and maritime transportation and further advancing the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME) are among matters for deliberation when CARICOM Heads of Government hold their 30th Inter-Sessional Meeting in Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis, 26-27 February. Heads of Government will examine recommendations from a Special Meeting of…February 22, 2019In “CARICOM”Press Statement on the Election of St. Vincent and the Grenadines to the United Nations Security CouncilSecretary-General of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), Ambassador Irwin LaRocque has welcomed the election of St. Vincent and the Grenadines to the Security Council of the United Nations (UN), as an opportunity for a small state to bring a unique perspective to threats to international peace and security. “I congratulate Prime…June 7, 2019In “CARICOM”COMMUNIQUÉ Issued at the Conclusion of the Thirtieth Inter-Sessional Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community Frigate Bay, St Kitts and Nevis, 26-27 FEBRUARY 2019The Thirtieth Inter-Sessional Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) was held at Frigate Bay, St Kitts and Nevis 26-27, February 2019. Prime Minister of St Kitts and Nevis, Dr the Honourable Timothy Harris, chaired the proceedings. Other Members of the Conference in attendance…February 27, 2019In “CARICOM”Share this on WhatsApp Prime Minister Harris noted that challenges to international peace and security have become more complex and diverse. He also is aware of the adverse effects of climate change on small island nations. “It therefore means that there is greater necessity for different perspectives to be brought to bear on issues before the Security Council that threaten international peace and security. Small Island and low-lying coastal Developing States (SIDS), such as those that comprise the Caribbean Community should therefore have a seat at the table,” the Prime Minister said. “The election of St. Vincent and the Grenadines marks another important milestone in this regard,” he added. The CARICOM Chairman recalled a proposal put forward by the Community in the inter-governmental negotiations on Security Council reform that a rotating seat be reserved for SIDS, as part of the package of reforms of the Council now the subject of negotiations. This is indeed a proud moment for St. Vincent and the Grenadines and by extension the entire region. “I have no doubt that the views and concerns of small states will be well represented by St Vincent and the Grenadines. Our Community stands ready to support our Member State as it embarks on this important assignment,” Prime Minister Harris stated. Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading…
DeMoulpied has a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Management from the United States Air Force Academy and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Dayton in Marketing and International Business. He served six years with the USAF overseeing the development of technology used on fighter aircraft and the E-3 Surveillance aircraft, finishing his career honorably as Captain. With more than 20 years of experience across multiple industries and functional areas, deMoulpied has particular expertise in organizations with complex technical products. Combined, his prior positions have required a spectrum of skills in corporate strategy, operations improvement, product quality, and revenue cycle management. He has an impressive history of utilizing data driven problem solving (Lean Six Sigma) and project management (PMP and CSM) to achieve strategic goals surrounding customer satisfaction, operational efficiency and improved profit. LOUISVILLE, Colo. — Tom Hobson has been selected to lead the sales and marketing department at Ingalls Engineering Inc. of Louisville, Colo.AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement Hobson has more than 30 years of sales, marketing and management experience with several manufacturing and distribution organizations including Wheels Discount Auto Supply, Bumper to Bumper, Wells Manufacturing, Bendix/Honeywell and Engine Parts Group. Commenting on his appointment, Ingalls President John O’Rourke, said, “Bringing Tom into the Ingalls organization to fill this new position as vice president of sales and marketing, completes a key objective in our strategic plan for growth.” Ingalls Engineering, founded in 1980, designs, engineers and produces innovative alignment, steering and chassis components for the OEM, performance and aftermarket segments of the automotive industry. The company currently offers full-line chassis parts coverage with more than 4,500 SKUs.,Lubrication Specialties Inc. (LSI), manufacturer of Hot Shot’s Secret brand of performance additives and oils, recently announced the expansion of senior leadership. Steve deMoulpied joins LSI as the company’s chief operating officer (COO). AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement DeMoulpied comes to LSI from the Private Client Services practice of Ernst & Young where he managed strategy & operations improvement engagements for privately held client businesses. Some of his prior roles include VP of strategic development, director of strategic initiatives, and Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt at OptumHealth, UnitedHealth Group’s health services business, as well as Lean Six Sigma Black Belt at General Electric, where he applied operations improvement principles to customer service, supply chain and product development. A successful entrepreneur, deMoulpied is also the founder of PrestoFresh, a Cleveland-based e-commerce food/grocery business. LSI President Brett Tennar says, “Steve’s success in developing operational strategies that improves the bottom line, builds teamwork, reduces waste and ensures quality product development and distribution checks many of the boxes of what we were looking for in a COO. This, coupled with his career in the Air Force working with highly technical systems and his in-depth understanding of Lean Six Sigma and Business Process Management sealed our offer. As our tagline states, our products are Powered by Science. This data driven approach is one reason why our company has grown exponentially as we employ the most advanced technology to product development. I am confident that Steve is the right person to drive operational strategy for our diverse and growing brands.” Advertisement
From Tire Review NASHVILLE – Bridgestone Americas executive Saul Solomon, who was instrumental in negotiating the tiremaker’s purchase of Bandag Inc., has been nominated to become the new law director for the Nashville Metro government. Nominated by Nashville mayor Karl Dean, Solomon’s appointment will go before Metro Council for ratification on Jan. 17. Most recently, Solomon was president of Bridgestone Americas’ Latin America operations. Prior to that, he was president of the company’s North America commercial tire division, president of Bridgestone Bandag Tire Solutions, vice president and general counsel of Bridgestone Americas and vice president of labor relations. He started with the tiremaker in 1993 as corporate and international general counsel. “Saul brings unique legal and business experience to this position, and the city is sure to benefit,” Mayor Karl Dean said in a press release. “I have known Saul since we worked together in the Public Defender’s Office, and I have both personal and professional respect for him. I am confident in his ability to supervise and direct all of the city’s legal work and am honored to have him join Metro government.” AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement,Lubrication Specialties Inc. (LSI), manufacturer of Hot Shot’s Secret brand of performance additives and oils, recently announced the expansion of senior leadership. Steve deMoulpied joins LSI as the company’s chief operating officer (COO). AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement With more than 20 years of experience across multiple industries and functional areas, deMoulpied has particular expertise in organizations with complex technical products. Combined, his prior positions have required a spectrum of skills in corporate strategy, operations improvement, product quality, and revenue cycle management. He has an impressive history of utilizing data driven problem solving (Lean Six Sigma) and project management (PMP and CSM) to achieve strategic goals surrounding customer satisfaction, operational efficiency and improved profit. LSI President Brett Tennar says, “Steve’s success in developing operational strategies that improves the bottom line, builds teamwork, reduces waste and ensures quality product development and distribution checks many of the boxes of what we were looking for in a COO. This, coupled with his career in the Air Force working with highly technical systems and his in-depth understanding of Lean Six Sigma and Business Process Management sealed our offer. As our tagline states, our products are Powered by Science. This data driven approach is one reason why our company has grown exponentially as we employ the most advanced technology to product development. I am confident that Steve is the right person to drive operational strategy for our diverse and growing brands.” Advertisement DeMoulpied has a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Management from the United States Air Force Academy and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Dayton in Marketing and International Business. He served six years with the USAF overseeing the development of technology used on fighter aircraft and the E-3 Surveillance aircraft, finishing his career honorably as Captain. DeMoulpied comes to LSI from the Private Client Services practice of Ernst & Young where he managed strategy & operations improvement engagements for privately held client businesses. Some of his prior roles include VP of strategic development, director of strategic initiatives, and Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt at OptumHealth, UnitedHealth Group’s health services business, as well as Lean Six Sigma Black Belt at General Electric, where he applied operations improvement principles to customer service, supply chain and product development. A successful entrepreneur, deMoulpied is also the founder of PrestoFresh, a Cleveland-based e-commerce food/grocery business.
Daily Postcard: Staff take a relaxing break under the cooling shade of tall trees in the picnic area behind Los Alamos Medical Center Thursday afternoon on West Road. Photo by Carol A. Clark/ladailypost.com
The bill is supported by various organizations, including Green America, American Sustainable Business Council, Union of Concerned Scientists, and National Wildlife Federation. “Now is the time for bold action to finance the development of our nation’s clean energy infrastructure. Clean Energy Victory Bonds give the public the opportunity to invest in renewable energy and energy efficiency that will make the US a global leader in the clean energy economy upon which our very future depends,” said Fran Teplitz, Executive Co-Director for Business, Investing & Policy at Green America, the nation’s leading green economy organization. The bill would direct the Treasury Department to develop Clean Energy Victory Bonds backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government and available to the public in denominations as low as $25. Those U.S. Treasury bonds would be used to invest in clean energy projects to help the federal government lower its carbon emissions and promote clean energy development. Investors would earn back their full investment, plus interest that comes from energy savings to the government and loan repayments for clean energy projects. The sale of these bonds could raise up to $50 billion, which could be leveraged to inject $150 billion into clean energy innovation and create over 1 million jobs. “In New Mexico and across the country, Americans are searching for ways to do their part in helping our nation address the defining challenge of our generation – developing a clean energy economy to combat the intensifying climate crisis. In the absence of action from the Trump administration and Republicans in Congress, Clean Energy Victory Bonds would empower people to fight climate change by setting aside as little as $25 to make a smart, low-risk investment in building our clean energy future, creating jobs, and spurring innovation,” said Udall. “Years ago, victory bonds helped America win World War II and defeat fascism. Today, they can also help us combat the existential threat of climate change. Clean Energy Victory Bonds will help us harness the same spirit of patriotism and national commitment that helped unite us to win World War II, and channel it into the fight against the climate crisis.” “From forest fires to coastal flooding, we see the impact of climate change in California every day. The effects of extreme weather underscore the urgent need to end our dependence on dirty energy sources and transition to an ambitious, forward-looking clean energy economy. This year, we have seen historic levels of interest and activism from the American people in solving the climate crisis. All they want are the tools to engage and contribute to this vision,” Matsui said.“The American people can do anything they set their mind to, and by creating Clean Energy Victory Bonds, we are empowering them to take part in the expansion of clean energy technology. I am proud to join Senator Udall and Congresswoman Lofgren in reintroducing this important legislation, and I look forward to working with them capitalize on broad public support and advance this bill through Congress.” Modeled after the highly successful victory bonds sold during World War I and World War II, which raised billions of dollars to finance the costs of war, Clean Energy Victory Bonds would help communities across the country invest in clean energy infrastructure and fight the climate crisis while also creating countless jobs and saving taxpayers money. “We all benefit as Americans when we invest in the future of our country. I am pleased to reintroduce the Clean Energy Victory Bonds Act for the fourth time, as momentum builds in California and across the country for aggressive action on climate change,” Lofgren said. “Americans on both sides of the political divide understand the need for urgent action on the energy and environmental challenges we face. Individual citizens are looking for avenues to take ownership of these efforts and this legislation provides them with an opportunity to invest within their means in an array of clean energy projects.” The Clean Energy Victory Bonds Act of 2019 would raise funds for investment in clean energy projects at the federal, state, and local level, including:Providing additional support to existing federal financing programs available to states for energy efficiency upgrades and clean energy deployment;Providing funding for clean energy investments by all federal agencies;Providing funding for electric grid enhancements and connections that enable clean energy deployment;Providing funding to renovate existing inefficient buildings or building new energy efficient buildings;Providing tax incentives and tax credits for clean energy technologies;Providing funding for new innovation research, including ARPA-E, public competitions similar to those designed by the X Prize Foundation, grants provided through the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy of the Department of Energy, or other mechanisms to fund revolutionary clean energy technology;Providing additional funding to existing federal, state, and local grant programs; andProviding additional support for zero-emission vehicle infrastructure and manufacturing. WASHINGTON, D.C. ― Thursday, U.S. Senators Tom Udall (D-N.M.) and U.S. Representatives Zoe Lofgren (D-Calif.) and Doris Matsui (D-Calif.) introduced bicameral legislation to give all Americans the opportunity to buy Clean Energy Victory Bonds and empower regular people to do their part in building our country’s clean energy future. U.S. SENATE News: “Responsible business leaders support a speedy transition to a clean energy economy. The Clean Energy Victory Bond would provide new investment for renewable and energy efficiency that will strengthen our economy, create jobs, and increase U.S. competitiveness globally. We applaud the members of Congress introducing this legislation for their commitment to addressing climate change while also building our economy,“ said Jeffrey Hollender, CEO of the American Sustainable Business Council, which has a membership network representing more than 250,000 businesses. U.S. Senators Tom Udall The full text of the Senate legislation is available HERE. The full text of the House legislation is available HERE. A summary is available HERE.
Adult Grand Champion in Horticulture: Potatoes grown by Claire Swinhoe. Photo by Bonnie J. Gordon/ladailypost.comLos Alamos County Extention Office News:The Los Alamos County Extention Office has announced the winners of Grand Champion and Reserve Grand Champion at the Los Alamos County Fair.The items entered in the Fair were on display Friday and Saturday at Mesa Public Library.The winners are:BAKED GOODSYouth Grand Champion: Jen Morales (Caramel Shortbread Cookies)Youth Reserve Grand Champion: Eliza Lamborn (Peanut Oatmeal Cookies)Adult Grand Champion: Chris Jordan (Ginger Snaps with White Chocolate)Adult Reserve Grand Champion: Julia Baker (Pumpkin Chocolate Bread)PRESERVED FOODSYouth Grand Champion: Cassidy Jimenez (Blueberry Spice Jam)Adult Grand Champion: Claire Swinhoe (Strawberry Jam)Adult Reserve Grand Champion: Claire Swinhoe (Pickles, Relish, Bread and Butter Pickles)HORTICULTUREAdult Grand Champion: Claire Swinhoe (Potatoes)Reserve Grand Champion: Denise George (Live Flower Arrangement)PHOTOGRAPHYYouth Grand Champion: Elise Delgado (“Blissful” – color)Youth Reserve Grand Champion: Elise Delgado (“Walkie Talkie Building” – color)Adult Grand Champion: Patti Delgado (“Roses” – color)Adult Reserve Grand Champion: Patti Delgado (“Lucy” – b/w)FINE ARTSYouth Grand Champion: Lucas Montoya (Michael Jackson)Youth Reserve Grand Champion: Daphne Fleming (Donkey drawing)Adult Grand Champion: Heidi VanRoekel (Hawk Head)Adult Reserve Grand Champion: (Pastel Owl in Snowy Tree)HOBBIES AND CRAFTSYouth Grand Champion: Collette Bibeault (Name Plate welding)Youth Reserve Grand Champion: Chantel Bibeault (Leather keychain)Adult Grand Champion: Dave Olivas (Purple Heart Wood Jewelry)Adult Reserve Grand Champion: June Gladney (Notecards)QUILTSAdult Grand Champion: Claire Swinhoe (Townsville Paradise H.D.)Adult Reserve Grand Champion: Lyn Haval (Red, White, and Blue Stars)NEEDLEWORKAdult Grand Champion: Judy Crocker (More Color Play)Adult Reserve Grand Champion: Nancy Cope (Flowered Tree)CLOTHING, SEWING, KNITTINGYouth Grand Champion Clothing: Chantel Bibeault (Top and shorts)Youth Grand Champion Knitting: Tina Nisoli (Gray Neck Cowl)Youth Reserve Grand Champion Clothing: Chantel Bibeault (Blue Apron)Youth Reserve Grand Champion Knitting: Tina Nisoli (Cowboy Doll)Adult Grand Champion Clothing: Nancy Cope (Purple Bear)Adult Reserve Grand Champion Clothing: Nancy Cope (White Teddy Bear)Adult Grand Champion Crochet: Jennifer Jordan (Shawl)Adult Reserve Grand Champion Crochet: Harriet Hammer (Scrap Monkey – knots in)Adult Grand Champion Knitting: Wendy Hahn (Multi-colored Shawl)Adult Reserve Grand Champion Knitting: Doris Prokop (Wasp Wing Lace)
Young dancers groove to the music of Last to Know, a seven-piece band based out of Taos, during the Secret City Summer Concert Series Friday night at Ashley Pond Park. Photo by Kirsten Laskey/ladailypost.comLos Alamos Chamber of Commerce Director Ryn Herrmann introduces the band, Last to Know in the Pavilion Friday night at Ashley Pond Park. Photo by Kirsten Laskey/ladailypost.comTom Pryor on guitar and pedal steel. Photo by Kirsten Laskey/ladailypost.comRandy Morris on drums. Photo by Kirsten Laskey/ladailypost.comLast to Know band member Dan Irion. Photo by Kirsten Laskey/ladailypost.comHowie Roemer on keyboards. Photo by Kirsten Laskey/ladailypost.com
Daily Postcard: Fall colors decorate the trees along Central Avenue Friday in downtown Los Alamos. Photo by Carol A. Clark/ladailypost.comFall colors highlight trees Friday on Central Avenue near Ashley Pond Park. Photo by Carol A. Clark/ladailypost.comFall colors are visible in trees along Bathtub Row Friday near Central Avenue. Photo by Carol A. Clark/ladailypost.com
(3) For example, experiments were conducted with solutions of the nitrate and fluoride and a driven reactor of UF6 as a gas. By RICHARD (DICK) MALENFANTHighlands Ranch, Colo.(Los Alamos Resident 1961-2005)Lest we forget:On November 10, 2015, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewel and Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz signed an MOA for creating and managing the Manhattan Project National Historical Park.Congress passed the National Defense Authorization Act of 2015, which included provisions authorizing the Park to be located at three sites: Oak Ridge, Tenn.; Hanford, Wash. and Los Alamos, N.M. Specific locations at the three sites include the X-10 Graphite Reactor, buildings 9731 and 9204-3 at the Y-12 complex, and the K-25 building site at Oak Ridge; the B-Reactor and the Hanford High School at Hanford; and the Gun Site (TA-8) and Pajarito Site (TA-18) at Los Alamos.I worked at Pajarito Site much of my time at Los Alamos between January 1961 and November 1996. As such I have a particular interest and association with TA-18. The buildings open at TA-18 include TA-18-29 (1) (the Pond Cabin); TA-18-2 (the Battleship Bunker); and TA-18-1 (the Slotin Building). Emilio Segre used the Pond Cabin and a Forest Service Building at the site to make the definitive measurements that demonstrated that reactor produced plutonium could not be used in a gun-type weapon because of pre-detonation.The Battleship Bunker was used in July 1945 for the definitive measurements of the implosion method that was employed for Fat Man (2). TA-18-1, the Slotin Building, was the location of the May 23, 1946 accident that was fatal to Louis Slotin. Following that accident, Raemer Schreiber penned a memo to Darol Froman, Deputy Director of the laboratory, with recommendations to minimize the probability of such accidents in the future. Those recommendations form the basis of procedures for the conduct of critical experiments to this day. Froman also prohibited future experiments until they could be done remotely.This resulted in the construction of a remotely operated assembly facility (designated Kiva I) ¼ mile away from the control room. The first experiment under remote control was conducted on April 13, 1947. Following the recommendation by Raemer Schreiber, the two-man operating crew was augmented by a third man whose task was to observe and to call attention to possible errors but not participate. Unlike some other facilities that employed dedicated technicians for controlling the machines, the operators at Pajarito Site included the scientists that designed the experiments and analyzed the results.In many instances, they also designed the machines to conduct the experiments. The classic general-purpose vertical-lift critical assembly machine, Comet, was designed by Jano Haley; hence the name! A variant of Comet employing some components of the original stand is still in use today. TA-18 was remote from the main laboratory, which led to a great camaraderie similar to a university campus and collaboration on the design, execution, and analysis of experiments.Pajarito Site was used for offices, machine shops, control rooms, and the fixtures for the conduct of experiments under remote control until the facility was relocated to the Nevada Test Site in 2000. Prior to the move, initial approaches to critical were made using all fissionable species as bare metal and compounds of solids, liquids, or gases (3).Although there were incidents involving accidental criticality, spills, or contamination; there were no injuries resulting from experiments. TA-18 was recognized for 1,500,000 man-hours (25 years) from August 1948 to August 1973 without a disabling injury. Some of the work was described by Hugh Paxton in LA-7121-H, Thirty Years at Pajarito Canyon Site, March 1978 and the follow-on LA-7121-H, Rev., Thirty Five Years at Pajarito Canyon Site, May 1981.Significant work at the site included the Keepin-Wimett delayed neutron data, the Hansen-Roach 16-group cross-sections, the verification of safe storage of interacting arrays of nuclear material, the construction and operation of the Fast-Burst Reactors including the Lady Godiva (a bare near-sphere of highly enriched uranium) and the still operational Godiva IV, the replication and operation at critical of Little Boy to measure the leakage and spectra of neutrons and gamma-rays to reconstruct the doses at Hiroshima, and the construction and operation of propulsion prototype rocket reactors for the Rover Program.Staff at Pajarito Site also initiated training for criticality safety specialists using a hands-on approach to a critical configuration. In 1993 the American Nuclear Society awarded the Pajarito Canyon Site the Nuclear Historic Landmark Award. It is unfortunate that the site has been cleared of all structures built after the Manhattan Project except Kiva I.The site is located inside of the 38 square mile Los Alamos Restricted Area and it is still off-limits to uncleared personnel except for occasional guided visits. I was able to participate in one such visit on April 5, 2019; and I look forward to the time when the site can be opened so the legacy of the Manhattan Project and Pajarito Site will not be forgotten. (2) See, for example, Critical Assembly; Hoddeson, Henriksen, Meade, & Westfall; Cambridge; 1993. (1) The terminology is Technical Area (TA) 18 followed by the building number.
By ROBERT DRYJALos AlamosThe sheepherders in the Valles Caldera carved a variety images on aspen trees in addition to carving letters. One type of image involved stars. The five-pointed star can be found as shown in Picture 1. The carving of stars can become more complex. Picture 2 shows a star with eight points and curves. It is a more artistic compared to the five straight lines of the traditional star.Picture 3 gives a hint going back to Spanish colonialism and religious intolerance. The Spanish king in 1492 required all Spanish people to be Catholic or face the Inquisition. People of the Jewish faith had a choice: forced conversion, leave Spain or become crypto Jews. “Crypto” meant that they maintained some aspects of their Jewish heritage but without public display. A number of crypto Jews left Spain for Mexico to escape the Inquisition, but the Inquisition then came to Mexico. Further migration occurred to what eventually became New Mexico. This transition is spread over centuries in which an organized religion fades, but parts remain in family traditions.Did the sheepherder who carved two kinds of stars in Picture 3 only want to make artistic variations of star or was something in addition being expressed? Is the six pointed star also representing the Star of David of Jewish traditions? Was he making a carving of something passed down from generation to generation and did he have some knowledge of its symbolism?Carvings of the Star of David are found in particular aspen groves rather than spread randomly throughout the Valles Caldera. This suggests a single sheepherder from one family was making these carvings. What was in his family history that made him interested in making this kind of carving?Picture 1A: A five pointed star. Courtesy photo Picture 6: Is this a cattle brand or Paleo-Hebrew letters? Or both? Courtesy photo Picture 1B: A five pointed star. Courtesy photoPicture 2: Possibly a more complex carvings of a star. Courtesy photoPicture 3A: Six and five pointed stars. Courtesy photoPicture 3B: Six and five pointed stars. Courtesy photoPicture 4: A Star of David with dots spaced along two horizontal lines. Courtesy photoPictures 5 and 6 show another kind of carving that is found in the same aspen grove as the Star of David. These pictures can be considered to show a cattle brand: the number four inside an oval. However, cattle were not introduced into the Valles Caldera until after sheepherding ended in the 1940’s.A review of registered cattle brands for 1899 through 1906 lists brands that include the number four or an oval, but separate from one another, not arranged inside one another. The current registry does show one brand similar to pictures 5 or 6. However the style of the number 4 is different. It is closed at the top rather than open as seen in the pictures.Rather than a cattle brand, a sheepherder may have been carving two letters from the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet. Paleo-Hebrew letters are similar to the cattle brand in pictures 5 and 6. The oval may represent the letter (avin) and the four may represent the letter (nun). Could a sheepherder have been carving images passed down in his family, reflecting some Jewish heritage from centuries past? Is some historic Jewish heritage being reflected in an aspen grove?Picture 5: Is this a cattle brand or Paleo-Hebrew letters? Or both? Courtesy photo