APS Member/Author: Alison Gopnik The last few weeks have seen extraordinary displays of altruism. Ordinary people have transformed their lives—partly to protect themselves and the people they love from the Covid-19 pandemic, but also to help other people they don’t even know. But where does altruism come from? How could evolution by natural selection produce creatures who sacrifice themselves for others? In her 2019 book “Conscience,” the philosopher Patricia Churchland argues that altruism has its roots in our mammalian ancestry. The primordial example of an altruistic emotion is the love that mothers feel toward their babies. Helpless baby mammals require special care from their nursing mothers, and emotional attachment guarantees this care. Those emotions and motivations are associated with a distinctive pattern of brain activations, hormones and genes. Twenty years ago, neuroscientists discovered that the same brain mechanisms that accompany mother love also operate when mammals care about their mates. Only about 5% of mammal species are “pair-bonded,” with mates who act like partners—seeking out each other’s company, raising babies together and actively helping each other. It turns out that those pair-bonded species, like prairie voles, have co-opted the biology that underpins mother love. … … Read the whole story: The Wall Street Journal More of our Members in the Media > Our long, helpless childhood gives humans a great advantage in return: It gives us to time to learn, imagine and invent. We combine these intellectual abilities with the primordial emotions of care. We can imagine new technologies and use them for altruistic purposes, from medical discoveries about how to fight viruses to Zoom sessions that let me tell my grandchildren I love them. In a 2017 paper in the journal Cognition, researchers Rachel Magid and Laura Schulz of M.I.T. showed that when we care for another person in this altruistic way, we extend our own needs to include theirs, in a process they describe as ”moral alchemy.” A caregiver—whether human or vole, mother or father or grandparent or alloparent—doesn’t just do what’s good for the baby because of an abstract obligation or an implicit contract. It’s because the baby’s needs have become as important to them as their own.
[/av_one_full] [av_one_full first min_height=” vertical_alignment=” space=” custom_margin=” margin=’0px’ padding=’0px’ border=” border_color=” radius=’0px’ background_color=” src=” background_position=’top left’ background_repeat=’no-repeat’ animation=”][av_heading heading=’ Hua Siong rips Clarita in Dumarao cagefest ‘ tag=’h3′ style=’blockquote modern-quote’ size=” subheading_active=’subheading_below’ subheading_size=’15’ padding=’10’ color=” custom_font=”]BY ADRIAN STEWART CO[/av_heading][av_textblock size=” font_color=” color=”]Tuesday, august 1, 2017[/av_textblock][av_textblock size=” font_color=” color=”]HUA SIONG College of Iloilo high school cagers won the 14th Mayor’s Cup Basketball Tournament finals in Dumarao, Capiz after beating Santa Clarita International High School Primes 99-80.Jean Raven Beliran led the scoring with 21 while Mark Nonoy, Jesse Sullano and Reynold Tupas added 20, 18 and 11, respectively, for Hua Siong.Hua Siong found its stride early in the game Sunday at the Dumarao covered gym behind Beliran and Nonoy for a 31-14 edge. The lead grew further heading to halftime 58-32 on torrid outside shooting.With Santa Clarita failing to recover from a deep hole in the second half, Hua Siong continued its dominance en route to building its largest lead of the game at 27 with six minutes remaining in the final quarter.Ralph Bajon finished with 24 points while Franc Steven Tono added 15 for Primes, which settled for a runner-up finish after previously ruling the 2017 Iloilo City Invitational Basketball League (Mayor’s Cup – 1st Conference) and the 2017 Bingawan Foundation Cup.Hercor College Junior Jaguars took home the third place trophy after beating CenterPhil Montessori Silver Knights 72-66.Janwell Famaranco finished with 19 points while Yuan Benedict Cari-an and Raffy Arguelles had 10 points each for Silver Knights. Cedric John Tigres, meanwhile, top-scored with 14 for Silver Knights.Hua Siong won P20,000 cash and a trophy while Primes had P10,000 plus a trophy. Hercor and CenterPhil settled for P7,000 and P5,000, respectively./PN[/av_textblock]